Laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery is a surgical procedure performed to remove the gallbladder. During gallbladder removal surgery, the surgeon makes small cuts on the patient’s abdomen and then inserts a small tube with a camera on its end known as a laparoscope. The laparoscope assists the surgeon in viewing the gall bladder on a TV monitor. Once the gallbladder has been dissected, it can then be taken out via one of the incisions.
Laparoscopic technique has become one of the most preferred treatment options for gall bladder surgery and offers safe and effective treatment for patients with gallstones.
These are generally of two types:
The signs and symptoms which lead to laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery include:
Most of these signs and symptoms usually occur after a meal, especially fatty or large meals. Therefore, a patient is advised to seek medical attention in case these symptoms occur repetitively. In case a patient experiences severe abdominal pain which prevents them from sitting still or being comfortable, they should ask someone to drive them the emergency room.
Indications for gallbladder removal surgery are:
Before laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery, the doctor first takes the patient’s medical history and then conducts a physical examination. Other conditions with signs and symptoms similar to gall bladder surgery must be ruled out. The following are some of the diagnostic procedures used by doctors:
Laparoscopic gallbladder removal surgery is performed by 3 to 4 tiny cuts on the patient’s abdomen. The entire surgery is performed through these small holes using a camera and instruments. The surgeon typically looks into a TV monitor and operates.
The gall bladder is usually removed from one of the cuts. After laparoscopic cholecustectomy, patients experience much lesser pain and discomfort as compared to open surgery. Also, the patient usually has a shorter recovery time and stays in the hospital for a shorter time after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. It allows the patient to return to work sooner.
Complications after laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery are very rare, and most of the patients who undergo gallbladder removal surgery recover and return to their normal activities very fast. Rarely, complications like infection at the incision sites, bleeding, bile leakage, injury to adjacent organs, pneumonia, blood clot formation etc may happen post surgery.
Usually patients are given water and other liquids 6 hours after surgery. Once the patient tolerates liquids, they can be given a light meal, and also the IV line can be removed. Patients must go easy on their diet for the first 3 to 4 days and minimize oil and spice for 2 weeks post surgery.
At times, a patient can feel nauseated after the anesthesia wears off. This feeling should pass after a few hours, but if it doesn’t, the patient can be given medication to relieve it.
The patient can be given a prescription for pain medication to manage pain which might occur after the surgery. The incision sites are covered with small adhesive bandages, which can be removed after five days. The stitches may not be removed as they usually dissolve over time.
After laparoscopic gallbladder surgery most patients are usually discharged the next day after the surgery.
A patient can resume normal, light daily activities after 24 hours and can return to work after 7 days. The patient should avoid strenuous activities and heavy lifting until 3 months post surgery.
Laparoscopic cholecystectomy surgery cost depends on many factors. In addition, the cost of gallbladder removal surgery is determined by factors like demographic location of the hospital, type of room selected, duration of surgery etc. Laparoscopic gallbladder removal surgery cost is usually covered by insurance. Gall bladder removal surgery cost also depends on the duration of stay in the hospital.