“Being healthy is not about the weight you lose, it is about the life you gain.”
Morbid obesity or clinically severe obesity has emerged as one of the most dreaded diseases of this century. Even before the medical fraternity could define obesity as a disease, it has attained epidemic proportions. Today, India has the third highest numbers of people suffering from being overweight and obesity. Unfortunately, even today, obesity is not viewed as a disease and patients suffering from obesity do not get the same sympathy or attention as patients suffering from other diseases such as cancer.
People who have tried to lose weight, know how difficult it is to not only lose weight but also to maintain that weight loss. Every patient that I come across tells me that they did lose weight, but irrespective of what they did, the weight always came back and sometimes more than what they had lost. On a daily basis, we see patients who put in their heart and soul into their efforts for weight loss. They have visited every weight loss clinic, consulted celebrity dieticians, been to gyms, yoga gurus and weight loss retreats. They have tried every diet listed on the internet. Unfortunately, more often than not, they meet with disappointment and tend to yo-yo between weight loss and weight gain. This entire process can be very disappointing for the patients. It also demotivates them and pulls them down psychologically.
Unfortunately, there is no magic pill as yet which can cure morbid obesity. Today, for patients suffering from severe or morbid obesity, bariatric surgery / weight loss surgery / metabolic surgery is the only way that can lead to sustained weight loss.
Bariatric surgery/ weight loss surgery/ obesity surgery is the only proven method for sustained weight-loss in morbidly obese patients.
Our center for bariatric surgery / weight loss surgery / metabolic surgery in Hyderabad is located at Apollo Spectra Hospital, Plot No. 1 & 6, Kothaguda X Roads, Near Harsha Toyota Showroom, Kondapur, Hyderabad, Telangana 500032
Obesity is classified as under:
Obesity is classified on the basis of Body Mass Index (BMI). BMI is a metric that tell us about what our weight should be as per our height. It can be calculated easily using a mathematical formula- [Weight in kg / Height in m2). There are many applications and it can also be easily done on Google. The obesity classification for Asian people is a little different from Western population. Asian people have a higher fat percentage and hence they tend to suffer from obesity related diseases like type 2 diabetes at a much lower weight and BMI.
|Classification for Caucasians/ Westerners(Kg/m2)||Classification for Asians
|Normal weight||18.5 – 25||18.5 – 23.5|
|Overweight||25 – 30||23.5 – 27.5|
|Class 1 obesity||30 – 35||27.5 – 32.5|
|Class 2 obesity||35 – 40||32.5 – 37.5|
|Class 3 obesity||40 and above||37.5 and above|
BMI= (weight in kg)/Height in m2)
Just like cancer, obesity affects every organ of the human body. People who suffer from obesity are at an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes mellitus, high blood pressure, dys-lipidemia and heart disease. Obesity also leads to obstructive sleep apnoea, fatty liver disease, gout, joint diseases, PCOD, increased risk of venous thrombo-embolism, gall bladder stones etc. Patients suffering from obesity are also at a high risk for developing some cancers like breast and endometrial cancer in women and colon and pancreatic cancers in men.
Bariatric surgery or obesity surgery is the only proven method that leads to sustained weight loss in patients with clinically severe or morbid obesity. It also leads to a significant improvement in most of the associated diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol etc & decreases overall risk of heart disease. Most bariatric surgery or weight loss surgery or obesity surgery procedures lead to about 60 to 75% excess weight loss. Ofcourse, weight loss also depends on the effort put in by the patient. Lifestyle and behaviour modification after surgery help in long term weight maintenance.
Guidelines for weight loss surgery
The guidelines for surgery are based on BMI criteria. The BMI cut offs for Asian people are 2.5 points less in each category as compared to Western population.
The IFSO- APC (International Federation for Surgery for Obesity and Metabolic Disorders – Asia Pacific Chapter) guidelines for weight loss surgery are as under:
Calculate your BMI:
BMI= (weight in kg)/Height in m2)
Types of bariatric surgery
There are many types and variations of bariatric procedures. Bariatric surgery in Hyderabad performed at our hospital include:
Selection of a suitable bariatric procedure
The bariatric procedure that may suit you the best, depends on multiple factors. These factors include the age, gender, weight, food habits, associated diseases, physical activity level, team and patient commitment etc. In our practice, you as the patient participate equally in the decision making. Once we evaluate you, the final decision about the type of procedure is taken after a mutual discussion between the doctor and the patient. Bariatric surgery is majorly about a lifestyle change and best results can be achieved only if the doctor and the patient work together as a team. An informed decision leads to the best results.
Preparing for surgery
Getting any surgery done is a major life decision. Trusting your doctor and the team is extremely important. We understand that surgery can be an intimidating experience for most people. We believe in hand-holding you through every step of this journey towards your surgery and recovery. We will guide and help you at every step. The process begins first, with consultations with the doctor and the team. You will then be advised to undergo tests and based on your reports and overall assessment, you along-with the doctor and the team will decide on the type of bariatric procedure that will work the best. Before the surgery, you will be on a high protein diet for a minimum of five days to one week. A pre-anesthesia check is mandatory before the surgery. Prior to surgery you may also need to see other specialists like an endocrinologist, nephrologist, chest physician, cardiologist etc based on your medical history. It is advisable to get admitted on the evening prior to the day of surgery.
Expected weight loss after bariatric surgery
Bariatric surgery in Hyderabad or weight loss surgery in Hyderabad leads to significant weight loss. On an average after any bariatric procedure most patients will lose about 65 to 75% of their excess weight. This could be less or more depending on many factors like post-operative diet, efforts put in terms of exercise, follow up by the bariatric team, associated co-morbidities, drug intake etc. Surgery leads to a lot of improvement in the quality of life of the patient and most patients are able to maintain atleast 50% of excess weight loss at the end of 5 years, which is much higher than any other method of weight loss.
Improvement in associated diseases
Bariatric surgery in Hyderabad leads to a significant improvement in associated co-morbidities. Type 2 diabetes becomes better in 80 to 98% of patients. A significant number of patients do not need to take any medications for diabetes after the surgery. Ofcourse, this also depends on the duration of diabetes, c-peptide levels, age and BMI of the patient. High blood pressure improves in almost 70% of the patients. There is an overall 80% improvement in metabolic syndrome. Surgery also leads to a significant improvement in PCOS, joint diseases, gout, obstructive sleep apnoea, fatty liver, infertility, COPD etc. Bariatric surgery leads to an overall risk reduction for heart disease and decreases mortality.
Follow up after bariatric surgery in Hyderabad
Diligent follow up is the key to success after bariatric surgery. After surgery, you will need to visit us at 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 1 year. In the second year you will visit us two times and once in a year thereafter. Surgery leads to many changes in your lifestyle, dietary habits, exercise schedule etc that will need continuous support and counselling. Patients who follow up regularly, tend to do better and get better results.
The biggest positive of coming to us for your surgery is our personalized care. Every patient is equally important for us and we assure you that the smallest of queries will be addressed at the earliest. The team is supportive and approachable.
It is also extremely important for the patient to be mentally prepared and be positive before undergoing a surgery. A positive attitude goes a long way in getting good results after surgery. We request you to be positive and have faith. We wish you all the best for your journey of weight loss. Cheers! to being a different you.
Last but not the least- “There is no shortcut. It takes time to create a better and stronger version of yourself.”
Dr. Aparna Govil Bhasker
Bariatric and Laparoscopic Surgeon
Apollo Spectra Hospital, Plot No. 1 & 6, Kothaguda X Roads, Near Harsha Toyota Showroom, Kondapur, Hyderabad, Telangana 500032